The Met Office predicts 2023 will be warmer than 2022

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Next year will be warmer than this, and one of the hottest on record, the UK Met Office predicts.

Forecasts suggest that this will be the 10th consecutive year that the global temperature will be at least 1°C above average.

The Met Office has explained that a cooling effect known as La Niña will likely end after being in place for three years – part of a natural weather cycle.

He also noted the warming impact of human-induced climate change.

Scientific evidence shows that climate change is driving up global temperatures.

Governments around the world have pledged to cut emissions to keep temperature rise below 1.5°C to avoid the worst effects of climate change.

The world has already warmed by about 1.1°C compared to the period before the industrial revolution in 1750-1900, when humans started burning large amounts of fossil fuels, releasing warming gases into the world. ‘atmosphere.

Temperatures in 2023 are expected to be between 1.08°C and 1.32°C above the pre-industrial average.

The hottest year since records began in 1850 was 2016, when meteorologists said the weather phenomenon known as El Niño sent global temperatures soaring.

But the last three years have been affected by another weather phenomenon called La Niña, when colder-than-average sea temperatures in the Pacific have lowered the average global temperature.

This effect is now predicted to end, bringing warmer conditions to parts of the Pacific and leading to a warmer global temperature than in 2022.

Unlike 2016, it is not expected to be a record year because El Niño will not raise global temperature, says Professor Adam Scaife, head of long-range forecasts at the Met Office.

But some parts of the world like the Arctic are warming at a faster than average rate.

“Next year, the natural, temporary braking effect of La Niña will fade. Full throttle pedaling will spur warming over the coming year and will continue into the future, with humid extremes , dry and hot weather until policies are in place to achieve net zero greenhouse gas emissions,” Richard Allan, professor of climatology at the University of Reading, told BBC News.

In 2022, temperature records were broken in many parts of the world, including the UK which recorded above 40°C.

Devastating wildfires hit parts of Europe and Australia due to hot weather, and Pakistan and India sweltering with temperatures reaching 51C in May.

In a series of studies, scientists concluded that these temperatures were made much more likely by climate change.

Rising temperatures are expected to lead to devastating effects on humans and nature, including more drought, desertification and heat-related illnesses.

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